No snakes, but no ladders: Young people, employment, and the low skills trap at the bottom of the contemporary service economy

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Jobs, Skills and Pay

In recent years, research and policy activity has primarily been concerned with the numbers, experiences and trajectories of apprentices and university students, or with the lives of ‘spectacular’, more obviously economically marginalised groups of young people who are entrenched in issues of social exclusion and deprivation. Many young people with level two and level three … Continued

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On your marks: Measuring the school readiness of children in low-to-middle income families

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Incomes and Inequality, Tax and Welfare

The extent to which children start school ready and able to learn can have a long-term impact on their likelihood of success in education and employment. It is well known that children from the poorest backgrounds are already falling behind their more affluent peers at the start of school. But little is known about the … Continued

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Snakes and Ladders

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Jobs, Skills and Pay

Snakes and Ladders investigates the factors which influence an individual’s chances of moving up the earnings ladder and finds that a person’s prospects for earnings mobility are influenced by their gender, whether they work part time, and where they live.

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Moving on up? Social mobility in the 1990s and 2000s

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Incomes and Inequality

There is a general view that social mobility in Britain declined in the second half of the twentieth century, that Britain is no longer a meritocratic country where a person’s life chances are determined by effort and talent rather than by family background. Declining social mobility has been a concern for successive governments and the … Continued

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