Covid-19 crisis has seen 450,000 additional families fall behind on their housing payments

Press release from the Resolution Foundation

Over 750,000 families are currently in arrears with their housing payments, and over half (450,000) of these families are likely to have fallen behind as a direct result of the Covid-19 crisis, according to new Resolution Foundation research published today (Tuesday).

Getting ahead on falling behind supported by the Health Foundation – examines the impact of the crisis on how families have managed their housing costs over the past ten months.

The reports finds that over 750,000 families were behind on their housing costs in January, an increase of around 450,000 compared to pre-pandemic levels, and that renters have been hit hardest.

Worryingly, 300,000 of the total number of families in arrears also include dependent children, suggesting they are especially vulnerable.

The report notes that the UK’s jobs crisis is driving this disparity across housing tenure. Close to one-in-four (24 per cent) private renters have seen their earnings fall during Covid-19 crisis, compared to one-in-six (16 per cent) working age adults with a mortgage.

Another factor is that over the course of the pandemic, one-in-ten (10 per cent) of families with a mortgage have received a mortgage holiday from their provider, giving them some much-needed respite.

In contrast, just 3 per cent of private renters and 2 per cent of social renters successfully negotiated rent reductions over the pandemic period. Strikingly, 5 per cent of private renters were also refused reductions, despite asking for them – ten times the refusal rate for mortgagors in the same position.

Instead, support for renters has come via the temporary boost to Local Housing Allowance introduced last April, and Discretionary Housing Payments (DHP).

However, the report shows that DHPs are not reaching a large number of those with arrears. More than half of private renter families with arrears are not currently in receipt of Universal Credit or Housing Benefit, and are therefore ineligible for payments.

Getting ahead on falling behind says that the ongoing evictions ban has offered some security, preventing families under the most strain from falling into homelessness during the pandemic period.

Without further government intervention however, it warns that the rent arrears crisis will worsen in the months ahead – leading to an increased number of court possessions proceedings, which tend to be lengthy, difficult, and upsetting for tenants and landlords alike.

The Foundation says the Government should introduce pre-emptive measures to help those most at risk from rent arrears.

Policies should include boosting the DHP system, so that it can reach more families in need, and introducing a tenant loan system for England, through which the Government would directly support families behind on their housing payments.

This would give families some much-needed breathing space across the next year, ease the pressure on the courts and landlords, and prevent an arrears crisis from holding back the UK’s slow economic recovery even further, says the Foundation.


Lindsay Judge, Research Director at the Resolution Foundation, said:

“The UK is currently experiencing a mounting arrears crisis, with more than 450,000 families having fallen behind on housing payments as a result of the pandemic.

“Renters have been particularly badly hit. Many have taken huge hits to their earnings and have limited savings to fall back on. To make matters worse, measures that could ease the pressure, such as Discretionary Housing Payments from local authorities and negotiated rent reductions from landlords, are not getting through to those that need them.

“This situation will worsen without significant Government intervention. Ministers must take action by boosting the DHP system, and introducing a UK-wide tenant loan system, to ease the pressure on tenants, landlords and the courts.”


Notes to Editors

  • Figures are from YouGov plc. Total sample size was 6,389 18-65-year-olds. Fieldwork was undertaken online during 22nd – 26th January 2021. The figures have been weighted and are representative of all UK adults (aged 18+) according to age, gender, and region. The figures presented here, and in the report, have been tabulated and analysed independently by the Resolution Foundation. They are not the views of YouGov.
  • The survey was supported by the Health Foundation, although the views expressed here are not necessarily those of the Heath Foundation.