Trading up or trading off? Understanding recent changes to England’s apprenticeships system

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Jobs, Skills and Pay

In 2017 there was overhaul to the apprenticeships system in England: large firms were required to pay 0.5 per cent of their wage bill into an apprenticeship levy, while regulations on training and delivery were firmed up. Two years on, this briefing note takes stock of the system, looking at what’s changed, why and where … Continued

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A problem shared? What can we learn from past recessions about the impact of the next across the income distribution?

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Public Finances and the Economy

While the received wisdom from the 1980s and 1990s recessions was that those at the bottom of the income distribution suffer most during severe downturns. But this was less obvious in the aftermath of the financial crisis. So this briefing note looks at what lessons we can learn from that episode about the distributional impact … Continued

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The Resolution Foundation Earnings Outlook Q1 2019

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Jobs, Skills and Pay

In our latest quarterly Earnings Outlook, we focus on two of the biggest changes to the UK labour market over the past two decades – rising self-employment (from 3.4 million in 1999 to 5 million today) and the introduction and ramping up of the legal minimum wage (from £3.60 in 1999 to £8.21 today) – … Continued

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The Living Standards Audit 2019

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Incomes and Inequality

In this annual report, the latest in our decade-long series, we take a forensic look at both recent and longer-term trends in UK living standards. We consider how incomes have changed and for whom, and this year we dig deeper into what economic trends have driven those changes over the past 25 years. With a … Continued

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Failing to plan = planning to fail: The risk of recessions and the importance of macroeconomic policy in limiting the damage they cause

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Public Finances and the Economy

There is a relatively high risk that the UK will experience a recession in the next few years. An important question, then, is how much of a priority we should make preparing for it? That depends on the impact recessions have. This briefing note argues that recessions lead to significant and lasting damage, with mass … Continued

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