Public spending· Economy and public finances Ending austerity? The priorities, price tags and practicalities for a government changing course on spending cuts 8 July 2017 Matthew Whittaker Britain is seven years into a prolonged period of fiscal consolidation, in which constraints on public spending have been the central feature and are set to continue for some years to come. Following the general election there has been a significant debate about the extent to which the result – and the failure of the Conservative party to secure a majority – reflected a rejection of this continued ‘austerity’ and whether the government should now change course. But this debate has largely focused on the desirability of easing specific spending constraints, without engaging with broader questions of prioritisation, price tags or practicalities of trade-offs with tax increases or additional borrowing. In this note we look at what ‘ending’ austerity might actually mean and the trade-offs for anyone wanting to make it a reality.