Pages from Tax relief briefing

Finding some relief: the case for applying fiscal discipline to tax expenditures

Published on by

Welfare & Tax Reform

Since becoming Chancellor in 2010, George Osborne has introduced a range of institutional changes to lock-in budget scrutiny, reduce borrowing and restrain welfare spending. But in relation to public ‘spending’ in the form of special tax rules or reliefs for particular groups, evaluation of value for money remains as weak as ever. Using a narrow … Continued

READ MORE

Pages from An Ocean Apart

An Ocean Apart: the US-UK switch in employment and benefit receipt

Published on by

Work & Security

There was a time when some looked to the US model – in which out-of-work benefits are less readily available, time-limited and significantly less generous – for answers to the problem of extensive European levels of worklessness. This was particularly the case during the so-called ‘tough love’ era of the 1990s. The reforms of this … Continued

READ MORE

Pages from Self-employment and pensions

The self-employed and pensions

Published on by

Debt & Savings

The UK’s self-employed populace is now 4.5 million strong. Although there has been a modest fall in their numbers of late after years of rising, the self-employed look set to continue being a larger part of the workforce than in recent decades. While much has been made of their poor earnings performance relative to employees, … Continued

READ MORE

Pages from Polarisation full slide pack thumb

Looking through the hourglass: hollowing out of the UK jobs market pre- and post-crisis

Published on by

Work & Security

A large and growing body of research details the ‘hollowing out’ of developed labour markets (the relative decline of mid-skilled jobs and expansion of low- and high-skilled jobs) from the 1970s to the 2008-09 recession. Previous Resolution Foundation research (Plunkett & Pessoa, 2013) confirmed that these trends continued in the UK in the early years of … Continued

READ MORE