Labour market enforcement
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Labour market
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Job quality and security
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Low pay
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Minimum wage

Who cares?

The experience of social care workers, and the enforcement of employment rights in the sector

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The social care sector, as well as playing a vital role for many people and for our society, is an important employer, with 1.7 million social care jobs across the UK in 2022. Jobs in social care have many positive aspects of working in the sector, including the ability to form deep personal connections with … Continued

Labour market enforcement
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Job quality and security
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Labour market

Policing prejudice

Enforcing anti-discrimination laws in the workplace

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This briefing note is part of a three-year programme of research exploring labour market enforcement generously funded by Unbound Philanthropy. In it, we investigate the scale and nature of workplace discrimination, and consider how anti-discrimination rules can be enforced to greater effect.

Economy 2030
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Labour market enforcement

Low Pay Britain 2022

Low pay and insecurity in the UK labour market

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This edition of Low Pay Britain is our twelfth annual report taking stock of the state of low pay. Recent editions have focused on the short-term impacts of the Covid-19 crisis on low paid workers. Those have largely receded, and so here we take a longer view, and look at how low paid work has … Continued

Labour market enforcement
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Labour market
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Job quality and security
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Minimum wage

No shame, no gain?

The role of reputation in labour market enforcement

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This briefing note is part of a three-year programme of research exploring labour market enforcement generously funded by Unbound Philanthropy. In it, we combine qualitative and quantitative research to explore how powerfully reputational concerns determine firms’ behaviour when it comes to worker rights, and whether policy makers could leverage firms’ worries about their public profile … Continued

Coronavirus
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Labour market enforcement
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Job quality and security
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Brexit & trade
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Migration

Home and away

The UK labour market in a post-Brexit world

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This briefing note considers a number of ways in which the labour market could be affected as the UK moves to a tighter, post-Brexit immigration regime in January 2021. Under the new rules, legal avenues for low-skilled migrant workers to enter the UK will be more restrictively drawn, with implications for firms, resident foreign-born workers … Continued

Coronavirus
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Labour market enforcement
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Labour market
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Job quality and security

Failed safe?

Enforcing workplace health and safety in the age of Covid-19

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This briefing note is part of a three-year programme of research exploring labour market enforcement generously funded by Unbound Philanthropy. Using a new survey of 6,000-plus UK working-age adults fielded in September this year, and administrative data from the enforcement agencies themselves, we explore how workers, employers and the regulators have responded to the threat … Continued

Labour market enforcement
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Pensions & savings

Enrol up!

The case for strengthening auto-enrolment enforcement

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This briefing note is part of a three-year programme of research exploring labour market enforcement generously funded by Unbound Philanthropy. It considers the extent of non-compliance with auto-enrolment, and whether there are ‘under-enrolment’ hotspots that require closer scrutiny. We estimate that around 3 per cent of eligible employees are not enrolled in a pension scheme … Continued

Briefing note cover - living wage uk
Coronavirus
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Labour market enforcement
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Low pay

A new settlement for the low paid

Beyond the minimum wage to dignity and respect

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This crisis is shared, but its burden is not. From health risks to job losses, it is the UK’s 4.2 million low-paid workers on whom this pandemic has imposed the greatest cost, and of whom the efforts to combat it have required the greatest sacrifice. Lower earners are three times as likely to have lost … Continued

Labour market enforcement
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Labour market
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Job quality and security
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Low pay
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Minimum wage
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Living Wage

Under the wage floor

Exploring firms’ incentives to comply with the minimum wage

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This briefing note explores the incentives for firms to comply with the National Living Wage/National Minimum Wage (NLW/NMW). It documents the penalties that firms are subject to; estimates underpaying firms’ rate of detection; and shows that even if detection rates were significantly increased, they would need to go hand-in-hand with higher financial penalties to provide firms with a hard economic incentive to comply with the NLW/NMW.

Labour market enforcement
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Jobs
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Labour market
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Job quality and security

From rights to reality

Enforcing labour market laws in the UK

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Today’s labour market looks nothing like it did even a decade ago. With more women in the workplace than ever before, the decline of key sectors such as retail and manufacturing and the rise of self-employment, who works, where we work and the ways that we work have all changed significantly over time. Laws and … Continued

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