Wealth & assets
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Tax
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Political parties and elections

The huge Brexit Party tax cut for rich remain areas

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There are bad ideas, really bad ideas – and then there’s abolishing inheritance tax. This is the new top priority announced by the Brexit Party – one of only two policies beyond Brexit. The proposal would amount to an expensive giveaway to a tiny number of very wealthy households, largely living in the richest parts … Continued

Inequality & poverty
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Wealth & assets
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Scotland

Taking stock

Report for the Scottish Poverty and Inequality Commission

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There has been a growing appreciation in recent years that living standards are determined not just by income (the flow of money into a household) but also by wealth (the stock of assets a household owns). Wealth can take various forms: it can be held in financial instruments (for example, a savings account or as … Continued

House of the rising son (or daughter): the impact of parental wealth on their children’s homeownership

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The rise of the so-called Bank of Mum and Dad (BOMAD) is much-discussed but until now there has been little analysis of the strength of the relationship between parental support and people’s chances of becoming homeowners. This paper fills this gap: we analyse the association between the property wealth held by people’s parents and their own, stripping out the impact that other factors (earnings, education, etc) have on homeownership.

Passing on: options for reforming inheritance taxation

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Inheritances are growing rapidly in importance at the same time as fiscal pressures mount. But the current inheritance tax system manages to raise relatively little while also being especially unpopular. This paper proposes a Lifetime Receipts Tax that would address Inheritance Tax’s problems while also raising more revenue and encouraging individuals to spread their wealth more widely.

Household debt
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Monetary policy
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Wealth & assets
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Housing

An unhealthy interest? Debt distress and the consequences of raising rates

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Consumer borrowing has been surging over recent months, raising fears that we are storing up more debt-fuelled problems for tomorrow. This note digs into the numbers and focuses on who is taking out all the credit. We consider also how the profile of the UK’s household debt will stand up to increasing interest rates in the coming years.

A welfare generation: lifetime welfare transfers between generations

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This paper updates John Hills’ seminal research on life-cycle welfare transfers between generations. It estimates the extent to which past and future cohorts contribute to the welfare state via taxation and withdraw from its core pillars – education, health and social security – over the course of their lifetimes.

The million dollar be-question: inheritances, gifts, and their implications for generational living standards

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This report assesses the role that intergenerational family transfers – inheritances and gifts – play in Britain. It provides a detailed assessment of past gifts and inheritances, and estimates the timing and distribution of future intergenerational transfers of property wealth to the millennial generation.

The generation of wealth: asset accumulation across and within cohorts

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Family wealth in 21st Century Britain is huge and growing, rising from £9.9 trillion before the financial crisis to over £11 trillion in the most recent data – more than six times our national income. Significant increases have come from house price rises in the 1990s and 2000s, followed by major growth in private pension wealth more … Continued

Labour market
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Pensions & savings
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Pay
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Intergenerational Centre

The pay deficit: measuring the effect of pension deficit payments on workers’ wages

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Across the UK economy, the share of overall employee compensation accounted for by non-wage elements such as employer pension contributions has increased substantially since 2000. This increase was driven in no small part by increased payments by employers to plug defined benefit deficits and coincided with a marked pre-crisis slowdown in pay growth, causing speculation … Continued

Pensions & savings
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Tax

Save it for another day: pension tax relief and options for reform

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The Treasury has reportedly backed away from pension tax reforms, at least temporarily. Given the scale of existing tax relief, its particular benefits for higher income savers, and the potential wider impact of any change, this is perhaps understandable. But there remains a strong case for making the current system cheaper, fairer and better targeted. … Continued

Jobs
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Labour market
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Pensions & savings

The self-employed and pensions

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The UK’s self-employed populace is now 4.5 million strong. Although there has been a modest fall in their numbers of late after years of rising, the self-employed look set to continue being a larger part of the workforce than in recent decades. While much has been made of their poor earnings performance relative to employees, … Continued

Hangover Cure: Dealing with the household debt overhang as interest rates rise

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The UK is entering a period in which interest rates are expected to start rising again – with the first moves potentially coming later this year – having insufficiently dealt with the debt overhang. This leaves the UK economy vulnerable to even modest increases in interest rates.

Deconstructing the debt overhang will not be costless, but it is in everyone’s interests – borrowers, lenders, government and taxpayers alike – to adopt a pro-active measured approach rather than simply allowing it to collapse. We favour an orderly and managed dismantling of the debt overhang. This report sets out a series of recommendations for lenders, borrowers and policy-makers to make that happen.

Household debt
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Wealth & assets
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Housing

Mortgaged Future: Modelling household debt affordability and access to re-financing as interest rates rise

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One in ten of today’s mortgagors risk being imprisoned by borrowing deals which are likely to make their repayments unaffordable as interest rates rise over the next four years. Around 770,000 households are both at risk of being ‘mortgage prisoners’ due to a limited ability to switch to better mortgage deals and therefore insulate themselves against future rate rises, and at risk of being ‘highly geared’ where monthly mortgage repayments are eating up at least one third of their disposable income by 2018.

Household debt
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Wealth & assets

Closer to the edge? Debt repayments in 2018 under different household income and borrowing cost scenarios

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Britain faces the mounting prospect of a household debt crisis as analysis from the Resolution Foundation suggests that a least a million British families, and possibly as many as 2 million, could be spending more than half their disposable income on repayments by 2018 The study uses the latest five-year growth projections from the Office … Continued

Household debt
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Wealth & assets
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Housing

Closer to the Edge? Prospects for household debt repayments as interest rates rise

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The number of families in Britain with perilous levels of debt repayments could more than double to 1.2 million if interest rates rise faster than expected in the next four years and household income growth is weak and uneven. The figures suggest that the ongoing squeeze on households could leave Britain seriously exposed if interest … Continued

Household debt
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Wealth & assets

On borrowed time? Dealing with household debt in an era of stagnant incomes

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On borrowed time? examines how and why household debt grew in the pre-crisis years, before turning to study the current scale and distribution of exposure to debt across households. Finally, the report looks at the link between household debt and prospects for economic growth, setting out a range of broad policy considerations that will frame our … Continued

Household debt
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Wealth & assets

Inequality, debt and growth

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Inequality, debt and growth shows that low to middle income households were reliant on borrowing to fund much of their spending for more than a decade before the financial crisis. This report reveals the full extent of the increase in borrowing and deterioration in household savings rates in the run up to the 2008/09 crisis, … Continued

Wealth & assets
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Financial inclusion

Financial inclusion and financial capability explained

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Financial services play a key role in most people’s lives. This makes the ability to make sound financial decisions an essential life skill, one that enables people to manage their day-to-day expenditure, cope with unforeseen emergencies and plan for their retirement. Such skills are becoming even more important as the financial services market becomes more … Continued

Wealth & assets
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Financial inclusion

Financial health

This briefing outlines the Foundation’s recent research into the financial health of low earners and sets out our current work program. The Resolution Foundation has undertaken research into how low earners access financial services, focusing in particular on how to meet their financial advice needs. We produced a proposal for a national generic financial advice … Continued

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