Trading up or trading off? Understanding recent changes to England’s apprenticeships system

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Jobs, Skills and Pay

In 2017 there was overhaul to the apprenticeships system in England: large firms were required to pay 0.5 per cent of their wage bill into an apprenticeship levy, while regulations on training and delivery were firmed up. Two years on, this briefing note takes stock of the system, looking at what’s changed, why and where … Continued

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The Resolution Foundation Earnings Outlook Q1 2019

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Jobs, Skills and Pay

In our latest quarterly Earnings Outlook, we focus on two of the biggest changes to the UK labour market over the past two decades – rising self-employment (from 3.4 million in 1999 to 5 million today) and the introduction and ramping up of the legal minimum wage (from £3.60 in 1999 to £8.21 today) – … Continued

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Low Pay Britain 2019

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Jobs, Skills and Pay

This is the ninth annual Resolution Foundation report on low pay. This year we focus on the minimum wage, for two reasons. The first is that it is driving big, welcome changes to our labour market. As the UK’s wage floor celebrates its 20th birthday, recent increases in its level have driven the first sustained … Continued

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The Resolution Foundation Earnings Outlook Q4 2018

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Jobs, Skills and Pay

In the three months to January 2019, average nominal pay growth was 3.4 per cent, where it had been for the last three months. However, with inflation falling below its 2 per cent target, real pay growth strengthened to 1.4 per cent, the highest since June 2016. Improving pay growth is being driven by a … Continued

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Pick up the pace: the slowdown in educational attainment growth and its widespread effects

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Jobs, Skills and Pay

This paper uses the Brexit moment to take stock of where Britain has got to on educational attainment, and where we might be heading. It highlights that while improvements to the country’s human capital stock have been driven by increasingly educated cohorts of young people flowing into the labour market, the pace of growth in … Continued

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